Letra de ligason :

Tablèu 5 : Los diftongs e los triftongs

Los diftongs son de fonèmas compausats per las sequéncias : vocala + semivocala o semivocala + vocala

Generalament, los diftongs son classats en doas categorias :

Quand l'accent se pòrta sul primièr element, son dits descendents. Los mai corrents son :

Amb l'element [j] :

Diftong
Exemple
AFI
Escotar
 
AI
paire
['pajre]

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Quand es atòn, se pronóncia [ej] en provençal
pairin
[pej'rin]

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ÒI
eròi
[e'rɔj]

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ÈI
lèit
[lɛjt]

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EI
rei
[rej]

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OI
coire
['kujre]

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['kwejre] en provençal e lemosin
 
 
UI
bruit
[bryit]

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(de còps se redusís a [y]) [bryt]

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Amb l'element [w] :

Diftong
Exemple
AFI
Escotar
 
AU
nau
['naw]

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Quand es atòn, se pronóncia [ɔw] en provençal
pauretat
[pɔwre'ta]
 
 
ÈU
batèu
[ba'tɛw]

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EU
deute
['dewte]

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Quand es atòn, se pronóncia [œ] en lemosin
chasteu
[tsaj'tœ]
 
 
IU
riu
[riw]

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ÒU
sòu
[sɔw]

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Quand l'accent se pòrta sul segond element, son dits ascendents. Los mai corrents son :

Amb lo primièr element [j] :

Diftong
Exemple
AFI
Escotar
 
IA (accentuada)
espiar
[es'pja]

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IA (en posicion finala atòna)
bèstia
Se realiza en [i] en gascon ['bɛsti]

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Se realiza en [] en lengadocian ['bɛst]

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IE / IÉ
pacncia
[pa'sjensjo]

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[pa'sjensi]

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alienar
[alje'na]

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tra
['trɔ]

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carrla
[kar'rlɔ]

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[ka'ʀlɔ]

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IO
passion
[pa'sju]

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Amb lo primièr element [ɥ] / [w] :

Diftong
Exemple
AFI
Escotar
 
UE
cuer
[kɥer]

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[kwe]

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flha
['fɥɛʎɔ]

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fc
[fɥɔk]
 
 
 
 
[fk]

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Los trifongs representan la sequéncia : semivocala + vocala + semivocala

Los mai corrents son :

Amb lo primièr element [j] :

Diftong
Exemple
AFI
Escotar
 
IAU
miaular
[mjaw'la]

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IEI
despieitar
[despjej'ta]

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IÈI
profièit
[pru'fjɛjt]

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Amb lo primièr element [u] / [w] :

Diftong
Exemple
AFI
Escotar
 
UEI
uei
[ɥej]
 
 
 
 
[wej]

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UÈI
dempuèi
[dem'pɥɛj]

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[dem'pwɛj]

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UEU
bueu
[bɥɛw]
 
 
 
 
[bwɛw]

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UÒU
buòu
[bɥɔw]
 
 
 
 
[bjɔw]

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