Letra de ligason :

Tablèu 1 : alfabet fonetic Internacional (AFI)

Consonantas oclusivas
 
 
AFI
Exemple
Escotar
 
Oclusivas oralas
bilabialas
sorda
[p]
pera

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sonòra
[b]
bana

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bramar

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dentalas
sorda
[t]
taula

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atacar

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sonòra
[d]
donar

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velaras
sorda
[k]
color

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pic

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question

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sonòra
[g]
gara

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guitarra

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Oclusivas nasalas
bilabiala
 
[m]
mala

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lama

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dentala
 
[n]
nas

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piscina

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palatala
 
[ɲ]
montanha (francés « gn » : peigne)

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Mièjas oclusivas (africadas)
dentalas
sorda
[ts]
patz

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sonòra
[dz]
tretze

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palatalas
sorda
[ʧ]
chifra

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sonòra
[]
imatge

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Consonantas constrictivas
 
 
AFI
Exemple
Escotar
 
Medianas
bilabiala
sonòra
[β]
acabar

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labiodentalas
sorda
[f]
fin

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fe

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sonòra
[v]
vila (alvernhàs, lemosin, provençal, vivaroalpenc)

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dentala
sonòra
[ð]
badar

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apicoalveolaras
sorda
[s]
saut

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passa

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nas

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sonòra
[z]
pesar

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realizar

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prepalatalas
sorda
[ʃ]
shucar (gascon)

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isher (gascon)

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peish (gascon)

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sonòra
[ʒ]
gerir

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legir

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velara
sonòra
[ɣ]
segar

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laringala
 
[h]
haure (gascon)

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gahar (gascon)

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Mediana vibranta apicoalveolara
 
 
[r]
rata

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ara

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[rr]
burre

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Mediana uvulara
 
 
[ʀ]
maridat

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Lateralas
apicoalveolara
 
[l]
lama

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color

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palatala
 
[ʎ]
familha (cf. castilhan : « ll », calle)

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Vocalas oralas
 
 
AFI
Exemple
Escotar
 
Palatalas non labialas
barradas
 
[i]
pic

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país

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[e]
esperar

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obèrtas
 
[ɛ]
rèsta

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[a]
blat

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Palatalas labialas
barrada
 
[y]
pruna

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lutz

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mièja barrada
 
[ə]
taula (gascon)

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Velaras labialas
barrada
 
[u]
poma

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obèrta
 
[ɔ]
pòrta

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Glides o mièjas-consonantas
 
 
AFI
Exemple
Escotar
 
Labiopalatala
 
 
[ɥ]
uèi

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uei
 
 
Palatala
 
 
[j]
espiar

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Labiovelara
 
 
[w]
uei (gascon)

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Dins las transcripcions foneticas, balhadas entre croquets [ ], lo signe (') indica que la sillaba que seguís es tonica : taula ['tawlɔ]