Lettre de liaison :

Tableau 4 : Système vocalique

Graphème (graphie classique)
Réalisation phonétique générale (API)
Exemple
Transcription en API / Réalisation orale
Variantes phonétiques principales
Transcription en API / Réalisation orale
 
a (autre qu'en position finale)
[a]
campana
[kam'panɔ]

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-a final (atone)
[ɔ]
bila
[bi'la]

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vivaroalpin et une partie du gascon : [a]
['bila]
 
 
 
 
 
seulement une partie du gascon : [ǝ]
['bilǝ]

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-as final (atone)
[ɔs]
pòrtas
['pɔrtɔs]

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vivaroalpin et une partie du gascon : [as]
['pɔrtas]
 
 
 
 
 
auvergnat et limousin : [a]
['pɔrta]
 
 
 
 
 
seulement une partie du gascon : [ǝs]
['pɔrtǝs]

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-an final (tonique)
[a]
pan
[pa]

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provençal, vivaroalpin : [an]
[pan]

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-an final (atone)
[ɔn]
parlan
['parlɔn]

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vivaroalpin et une partie du gascon : [an]
['parlan]
 
 
 
 
 
seulement une partie du gascon : [ǝn]
['parlǝn]

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à
[a]
fàcia
['fasjɔ]

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['fasi]

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-á final
[ɔ]
ostalariá
[ustala'rjɔ]

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provençal : [e]
[ustala'rje]

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-ás final formes verbales
[ɔs]
legissiás
[ledʒi'sjɔs]

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provençal : [es]
[ledzi'sjes]

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-án final (tonique) formes verbales
[ɔn]
legissián
[ledʒi'sjɔn]

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provençal : [en]
[ledzi'sjen]

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e
[e]
estiu
[es'tiw]

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è
[ɛ]
rèsta
['rɛstɔ]

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è (suffixe -ièr/-ièra)
[ɛ]
molinièr
[muli'njɛ]

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présent seulement en gascon et languedocien
 
 
i
[i]
pic
[pik]

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[j] devant voyelle
renonciar
[renun'sja]

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[j] derrière voyelle
aimar
[aj'ma]

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í
[i]
país
[pa'is]

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o
[u]
molin
[mu'li]

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ò
[ɔ]
pòrta
['pɔrtɔ]

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ó
[u]
curiós
[ky'rjus]

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u
[y]
pruna
['prynɔ]

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[ɥ] devant voyelle
uèi
[ɥɛj]

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uei
[ɥej]
gascon : [w] devant voyelle
[wej]

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[w] derrière voyelle
clau
[klaw]

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