Lettre de liaison :

Tableau 3 : Système consonnantique

Graphème (graphie classique)
Réalisation phonétique générale (API)
Exemple
Transcription en API / Réalisation orale
Variantes phonétiques principales
Transcription en API / Réalisation orale
 
b
[b]
bana
['banɔ]

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-b final
[p]
adob
[a'dup]

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auvergnat, limousin, vivaroalpin (sauf alpin) : muet
[a'du]

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bd
[dd]
abdicar
[addi'ka]

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[d]
 
[adi'ka]
 
 
 
bt
[tt]
dissabte
[di'satte]

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[t]
 
[di'sate]

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c / -c-
[k] devant (a), (o) et (u)
color
[ku'lu]

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[s] devant (e) et (i)
cima
['simɔ]

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auvergnat : [ʃ]
['ʃimɔ]

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-c final
muet
pic
[pi]

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gascon, languedocien, alpin : [k]
[pik]

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-ç final
[s]
braç
[bras]

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ç
[s] devant (a), (o) et (u)
biaça
['bjasɔ]

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cc final
[ts] devant (i) et (e)
accès
[a'tsɛs]

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provençal : [s]
[a'sɛs]

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ch-
[]
chifra
['ifrɔ]

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limousin, auvergnat, vivaroalpin : [ts]
['tsifrɔ]

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-ch final
muet
fach
['fa]

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languedocien, alpin : []
['fa]

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- cm
[mm]
jacme
['ʒamme]

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[m]
 
['ʒame]
 
 
 
ct
[tt]
practica
[prat'tikɔ]

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[t]
 
[pra'tikɔ]

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[kt]
 
[prak'tikɔ]

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ct (mots savants)
[kt]
actualitat
[aktyali'tat]

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d
[d]
donar
[du'na]

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-d final
[t]
verd
[bert]

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auvergnat, limousin, provençal : muet
[ver]

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dd
[d]
addicionar
[adisju'na]

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[dd]
 
[addisju'na]

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f
[f]
fin
[fi]

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g
[g]
gara
['garɔ]

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[] devant (e) et (i)
geinar
[ej'na]

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gascon : [ʒ] devant (e) et (i)
[ʒej'na]

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limousin, vivaroalpin (sauf alpin []) : [dz] devant (e) et (i)
[dzej'na]

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auvergnat : [dz] devant (e)
[dzej'na]

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-g final
[k] derrière (r), (n)
gorg
[gurk]

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limousin, provençal et vivaroalpin (sauf alpin) : muet
[gur]

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long
[lunk]

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[lun]
 
 
[] derrière voyelle
ensag
[en'sa]

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[en'sa]
 
gd
[d]
Magdalena
[mada'lenɔ]

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[dd]
 
[madda'lenɔ]

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gn
[nn]
dignitat
[dinni'tat]

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[n]
 
[dini'ta]

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gu
[g] devant (e) et (i)
bagueta
['bagetɔ]

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guitarra
[gi'tarrɔ]

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[gw] devant (i)
linistic
[lingwis'tik]

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[gw] devant (e)
eitar
[gwej'ta]

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présent seulement en gascon
 
 
h
[h]
haure
['hawre]

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présent seulement en gascon
 
 
 
 
gahar
[ga'ha]

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hl- (gascon)
[l]
hlor
[lur]

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présent seulement en gascon
 
 
 
[hl]
 
[hlur]

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hr- (gascon)
[rr]
hred
[rret]

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présent seulement en gascon
 
 
 
[hr]
 
[hret]

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j
[]
jorn
[dʒur]

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gascon : [ʒ]
[ʒur]

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limousin et vivaroalpin (sauf alpin [dʒ]): [dz]
[dzur]

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auvergnat : [dz] devant (a), (o) et (u)
[dzur]

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l
[l]
lama
['lamɔ]

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ll
[ll]
palle
['palle]

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lh
[ʎ]
palha
['paʎɔ]

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-lh final
[j]
detalh
[de'taj]

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languedocien : [l]
[de'tal]

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gascon : [ʎ]
[de'taʎ]

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m
[m]
mala
['malɔ]

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-m final
[n]
vam
['van]

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gascon : [m]
['bam]

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['ban]

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mm
[mm]
commemorar
[kummemu'ra]

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mn
[nn]
damnar
[dan'na]

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n
[n]
nas
[nas]

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-n final
généralement muet
pan
[pa]

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provençal, vivaroalpin : [n]
[pan]

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conjugaison, 3e pers. pl. : [n]
dançan
['dansɔn]

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-nd final
[n]
rond
[run]

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alpin : [nd]
[rund]
 
-nt final
[n]
mont
[mun]

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alpin : [nt]
[munt]
 
nh
[ɲ]
montanha
[mun'taɲɔ]

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rare en position initiale (ex : nhac)
 
 
-nh final
[n]
estanh
[es'tan]

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gascon, alpin : [ɲ]
[es'taɲ]

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nv
[mb]
invitar
[im'bita]

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ns
[ns]
conselhar
[cunse'ʎa]

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[s]
 
[cuse'ʎa]

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p
[p]
pè
[pɛ]

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-p final
[p]
p
[kɔp]

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pn (mots savants)
[pn]
pneumonia
[pnewmun'iɔ]

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ps
[ps]
capsula
[kap'sylɔ]

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[ts]
 
[kat'sylɔ]

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ps-
[s]
psiquiatre
[si'kjatre]

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[ps]
 
[psi'kjatre]

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-ps final
[ps]
ps
[kɔps]

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[ts]
 
[kɔts]

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pt
[tt]
recaptar
[rekat'ta]

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[t]
 
[reka'ta]

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qu
[k]
question
[kes'tju]

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devant (e)
[kw]
enera
[en'kwɛrɔ]

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présent seulement en gascon
 
 
r
[r]
rata
['ratɔ]

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provençal et vivaroalpin : [ʀ] uvulaire
['ʀatɔ]

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ara
['arɔ]

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provençal : [r] apicale brève intervocalique
['arɔ]

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-rr- intervocalica
[rr]
burre
['byrre]

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provençal : [ʀ] uvulaire
['byʀe]

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-r final
Muet le plus souvent
color
['kulu]

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limousin, auvergnat : [r]
['kulur]

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provençal et vivaroalpin : [ʀ] uvulaire
['kuluʀ]

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Muet à l'infinitif
badar
[ba'da]

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provençal et alpin : [ʀ] uvulaire
[ba'daʀ]
 
-rn
[r]
torn
[tur]

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provençal et vivaroalpin (sauf alpin) : [ʀ] uvulaire
[tuʀ]

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vivaroalpin : [rn]
[turn]
 
rs
[rs]
versat
[ber'sat]

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[s]
 
[be'sat]
 
 
 
s-
[s]
saut
[sawt]

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s devant consonne
[s]
escòla
[es'kɔlɔ]

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auvergnat, limousin : [j]
[ej'kɔlɔ]

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-s- intervocalique
[n]
musa
['myzɔ]

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-s final
[s]
nas
[nas]

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auvergnat, limousin vivaroalpin (sauf alpin) : muet
[na]

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sc (mots savants)
[s]
piscina
[pi'sinɔ]

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-ss- intervocalique
[s]
passa
['pasɔ]

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sh-
[ʃ]
shucar
[ʃu'ka]

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présent seulement en gascon
 
 
-ish-
[ʃ]
isher
[naʃe]

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présent seulement en gascon
 
 
-ish
[ʃ]
peish
[peʃ]

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prrésent seulement en gascon
 
 
t
[t]
taula
['tawlɔ]

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-t final
muet
prat
[pra]

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gascon, languedocien : [t]
[prat]

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tg
[] devant (e), (i)
imatge
[i'mae]

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limousin, auvergnat : [dz]
[i'madze]

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[ts] devant (e), (i)
 
[i'matse]

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[] devant (e), (i)
 
[i'mae]

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tj
[] devant (a), (o), et (u)
jutjar
[ʒy'a]

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-tl- intervocalic
[ll]
espatla
[es'pallɔ]

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provençal, vivaroalpin : [l]
[es'palɔ]

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tl (mots savants)
[tl]
Atlantic
[atlan'tik]

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tm (mots savants)
[mm]
ritme
['rimme]
gascon, languedocien : [tm]
['ritme]

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tm
[mm]
setmana
[sem'manɔ]

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limousin : [nm]
[ʃen'manɔ]

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provençal et vivaroalpin : [m]
[se'manɔ]

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tn
[nn]
reguitnar
[regin'na]

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provençal, vivaroalpin : [n]
[regi'na]
 
tn (mots savants)
[tn]
etnic
[et'nik]

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-tz- intervocalique
[ts]
tretze
['tretse]

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[dz]
 
['tredze]

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-tz final
[ts]
patz
[pats]

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provençal, vivaroalpin : [s]
[pas]

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auvergnat, limousin : muet
[pa]

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v
[v]
vila
['vilɔ]

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gascon, languedocien : [b]
['bilɔ]

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-v intervocalique
[v]
lava
['lavɔ]

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gascon, languedocien : [β]
['laβɔ]

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dans une partie du domaine gascon et languedocien il est fricatif : [w]
['lawɔ]

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x
[ts]
Alexandre
[ale'tsandre]

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provençal : [js]
[alej'sandre]

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[dz] devant (e)
exemple
[e'dzemple]

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provençal : [jz]
[ej'zemple]

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[s] devant consonne
explicar
[espli'ka]

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z
[z]
realizar
[reali'za]

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