Lettre de liaison :

Tableau 6 : Les signes diacritiques

Les signes diacritiques sont cinq en occitan :

Signe
Fonction
Graphème et API
Exemple
Transcription en API
Écouter
 
Accent grave :
à è ò
Indique que la voyelle a un son ouvert.
à [a]
serà
[se'ra]

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è [ɛ]
tèrra
['tɛrrɔ]

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ò [ɔ]
pòrta
['pɔrtɔ]

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Peut aussi indiquer que la voyelle porte l'accent tonique quand il ne correspond pas aux principes généraux de l'accentuation.
 
fàcia
['fasjɔ]

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Accent aigu :
á é í ó ú
Sur les lettres (e), (i), (o), (u), il indique que la voyelle porte l'accent tonique quand il ne correspond pas aux principes généraux de l'accentuation.
é [e]
espés
[es'pes]

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í [i]
país
[pa'is]

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ó [u]
curiós
[ky'rjus]

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ú [y]
dessús
[de'sys]

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Sur la lettre á, en fin de mot, il change également la prononciation dans certaines variantes.
[ɔ] en languedocien et vivaroalpin
librariá
[libra'rjɔ]

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[e] en provençal
 
[libra'rje]

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Tréma :
ï ü
On le met sur ü et ï placées après une voyelle (a, e, o, u) pour indiquer qu'elles se prononcent séparément, et ainsi montrer qu'il n'y a pas de diphtongue.
[i]
arcaïc
[arka'ik]

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preïstoric
[preistu'rik]

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[y]
flaüta
[fla'ytɔ]

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reünion
[rey'nju]

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Le groupe peut se prononcer [ui] ou [wi].
[ui]
Sssa
[su'isɔ]

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[wi]
 
['swisɔ]

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On peut le mettre sur le (u) des groupes (gu) et (qu) : dans ce cas, il se prononce :
[kw]
enera
[en'kwɛrɔ]

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Ici il est facultatif, alors il a plutôt une valeur pédagogique.
[kw]
linistic
[lingwis'tik]

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Cédille :
ç
On la met devant (a), (o), (u) ou à la fin d'un mot pour obtenir le son [s].
[s]
biaça
['bjasɔ]

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faiçon
[faj'su]

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boçut
[bu'syt]

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braç
[bras]

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Point intérieur :
n·h s·h
C'est une particularité du gascon pour éviter la formation des groupes (nh) [ɲ] et (sh) [ʃ].
[nh]
in·hèrn
[in'hɛr]

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[sh]
des·har
[des'ha]

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Les lettres majuscules gardent les signes diacritiques pour une lecture plus facile : Àustria, Èva.
L'accent circonflexe n'existe pas en occitan.