Lettre de liaison :

Tableau 5 : Les diphtongues et les triphtongues

Les diphtongues sont des phonèmes composés par les séquences voyelle + semivoyelle ou semivoyelle + voyelle

Généralament, les diphtongues son classées en deux catégories :

Quand l'accent se porte sur le premier élément, elles sont dites descendantes. Les plus courantes sont :

Avec l'élément [j] :

Diphtongue
Exemple
API
Écouter
 
AI
paire
['pajre]

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Quand elle est atone, elle se prononce [ej] en provençal
pairin
[pej'rin]

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ÒI
eròi
[e'rɔj]

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ÈI
lèit
[lɛjt]

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EI
rei
[rej]

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OI
coire
['kujre]

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['kwejre] en provençal et limousin
 
 
UI
bruit
[bryit]

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(parfois elle se réduit à [y]) [bryt]

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Avec l'élément [w] :

Diphtongue
Exemple
API
Écouter
 
AU
nau
['naw]

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Quand elle est atone, elle se prononce [ɔw] en provençal
pauretat
[pɔwre'ta]
 
 
ÈU
batèu
[ba'tɛw]

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EU
deute
['dewte]

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Quand elle est atone, elle se prononce [œ] en limousin
chasteu
[tsaj'tœ]
 
 
IU
riu
[riw]

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ÒU
sòu
[sɔw]

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Quand l'accent se porte sur le second élément, elles sont dites ascendantes. Les plus courantes sont :

Avec le premier élément [j] :

Diphtongue
Exemple
API
Écouter
 
IA (accentuée)
espiar
[es'pja]

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IA (en position finale atone)
bèstia
Se réalise en [i] en gascon ['bɛsti]

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Se réalise en [] en languedocien ['bɛst]

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IE / IÉ
paciéncia
[pa'sjensjo]

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[pa'sjensi]

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alienar
[alje'na]

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tra
['trɔ]

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carrla
[kar'rlɔ]

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[ka'ʀlɔ]

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IO
passion
[pa'sju]

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Avec le premier élément [ɥ] / [w] :

Diphtongue
Exemple
API
Écouter
 
UE
cuer
[kɥer]

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[kwe]

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flha
['fɥɛʎɔ]

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fc
[fɥɔk]
 
 
 
 
[fk]

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Les triphtongues représentent la séquence : semivoyelle + voyelle + semivoyelle

Les plus courantes sont :

Avec le premier élément[j] :

Diphtongue
Exemple
API
Écouter
 
IAU
miaular
[mjaw'la]

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IEI
despieitar
[despjej'ta]

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IÈI
profièit
[pru'fjɛjt]

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Avec le premier élément [u] / [w] :

Diphtongue
Exemple
API
Écouter
 
UEI
uei
[ɥej]
 
 
 
 
[wej]

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UÈI
dempuèi
[dem'pɥɛj]

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[dem'pwɛj]

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UEU
bueu
[bɥɛw]
 
 
 
 
[bwɛw]

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UÒU
buòu
[bɥɔw]
 
 
 
 
[bjɔw]

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